This is the way Trond showed us to maintain patches against the linux kernel. It's simple to use and seems to work well. There are some small scripts in simple_patch_mgmt-02.tar.gz that automate things a little.
Start with a plain vanilla kernel source directory,
me@mybox$ cd ~/my_linux_trees/ me@mybox$ wget http://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/kernel/v2.5/linux-2.5.55.tar.gz me@mybox$ tar -xzvf linux-2.5.55.tar.gz
and then create a new directory to work in and populate it with symlinks to
me@mybox$ mkdir linux-2.5.55-foo/ me@mybox$ cd linux-2.5.55-foo/ me@mybox$ lndir -silent ../linux-2.5.55 me@mybox$ cd ..; ls linux-2.5.55 linux-2.5.55-foo linux-2.5.55.tar.gz
Now say you want to edit
linux-2.5.55-foo/fs/inode.c is just a symlink to
linux-2.5.55/fs/inode.c; first you want to replace it with a copy
of itself. The provided
delink script does this for you:
me@mybox$ cd linux-2.5.55-foo/fs/nfs/ me@mybox$ ls -l inode.c lrwxrwxrwx 1 me me 36 Feb 5 12:02 inode.c -> ../../../linux-2.5.55/fs/nfs/inode.c me@mybox$ delink inode.c; ls -l inode.c -rw-r--r-- 1 me me 42424 Feb 5 12:02 inode.c
Now edit inode.c normally. When you're done, you want to distribute a patch
linux-2.5.55 that implements your cool new feature:
me@mybox$ cd ~/my_linux_trees/ me@mybox$ diff -urN linux-2.5.55 linux-2.5.55-foo >linux-2.5.55-foo.diff
Now inspect the resulting diff to make sure it looks reasonable. If you
make in one of those directories while testing your change,
you may find that it contains a lot of
.o files and other
garbage. Oops! Big mistake. Never build a kernel inside one of those source
trees. Instead, use
lndir to create a build directory and build
the kernel there:
me@mybox$ mkdir build-linux-2.5.55-foo me@mybox$ cd build-linux-2.5.55-foo me@mybox$ lndir -silent ../linux-2.5.55-foo me@mybox$ make menuconfig && make bzImage && etc.....
This way you can build as many different kernels you want without disturbing the pristine source trees.
If you later decide to try applying
to another kernel tree, you can use
me@mybox$ ls linux-2.5.59 linux-2.5.55-foo.diff me@mybox$ mkdir linux-2.5.59-foo me@mybox$ cd linux-2.5.59-foo me@mybox$ patch -p1 <../linux-2.5.59-foo.diff
As a consequence of the way
patch works, it will do the right
thing with the symlinks: when it modifies a file, it will replace it with a
copy first rather than modifying the linked file.
The other two provided tools,
apply_patches, automate the tasks of, respectively, making diffs
between a series of such trees, and applying a series of patches to a single
tree. To use
me@mybox$ make_diffs linux-2.5.55 linux-2.5.55-1 linux-2.5.55-2 ....
this will create a diff between
linux 2.5.55 and
linux-2.5.55-1, another diff between
linux-2.5.55-2, etc. To apply a series of patches:
me@mybox$ apply_patches --source=linux-2.5.55 ~/my_diffs/linux-2.5.55-1.diff ~/my_diffs/linux-2.5.55-2.diff ....
and a bunch of new trees will be created, named after the corresponding patches. Note that the patches must be given by absolute pathnames. This is all made easier if you stick to some naming convention that ensures that the patches and trees all have names which sort in the order they're meant to be applied in. One convention is to name them as in this example:
me@mybox$ ls my_diffs linux-2.5.55-01-auth2.diff linux-2.5.55-06-krb5.diff linux-2.5.55-02-rpc_encode.diff linux-2.5.55-07-rpc_svcgss.diff linux-2.5.55-03-rpc_gss.diff linux-2.5.55-08-rpc_integ.diff linux-2.5.55-04-auth_upcall.diff linux-2.5.55-09-rpc_priv.diff linux-2.5.55-05-auth_upcall2.diff linux-2.5.55-10-idmap.diff
The entire series of patches above can be applied in the correct order just by doing:
me@mybox$ apply_patches --source=linux-2.5.55 ~/my_diffs/*.diff
This isn't a really a replacement for using a revision control system, but it works a lot better than trying to import huge linux trees into cvs. The patches that you end up with should be small enough that you can keep lots of old versions around. Patches are also relatively easy for humans to read, and tend to port to different versions, and apply on top of other people's patches, fairly well.
That's it. Mail me corrections or comments at firstname.lastname@example.org